Causes, Symptoms and Treatment for Collateral Ligament Injuries

Among hundreds of knee injuries treated Orthopaedic surgeon by Dr Niraj Vora every year– ligament injuries grab a major share.

Anterior, Posterior, Collateral ligaments are three main types of ligaments in the knee that can get injured due to sudden twist, stretch or blow to the knee most commonly during sports activities. Each ligament is located in a different part of the knee, has a specific function and undergoes injuries when their strength and function are dominantly defied.

In this blog here we help you improve your awareness of collateral ligament injuries – their causes, symptoms, treatment options provided by orthopaedic surgeons in Mumbai.

What Are Ligaments?

Ligaments are a band of tough connective tissues that connect the bones and hold them together for stability in a joint. Ligaments are the most essential components in every joint – shoulder, knee, elbow, fingers and play a crucial role in stabilizing the joint and helping them perform their functions optimally.

Collateral Ligaments in Knee:

The collateral ligament of the knee is located to the outside and inside of the knee connecting both the lower leg and upper leg. While the Ligaments located outside of the knee are called lateral collateral ligaments and ligaments located inside part of the knee and called medial collateral ligaments. These ligaments keep the knee stable by holding the lower and upper leg bones in place and resisting unwanted sideway movements of the knee.

Collateral Ligament Injuries – Causes & Symptoms:

Collateral ligament injuries occur when the ligaments are torn or stretched beyond their limit. And this commonly happens due to sudden blow to the knee during accidents or twisting injuries in sports like hockey, basketball, skiing and football.

Medial Collateral ligaments are more prone to injury than lateral collateral ligaments. And when they happen, knees pop and buckle making a loud pop, accompanying typical swell and pain. An orthopaedic specialist in Mumbai uses MRI, X-rays and arthroscopic procedure to diagnose the severity of the ligament injury.

Treatment for Collateral Ligament Injuries in Mumbai:

The treatment for collateral ligament injuries in Mumbai is a factor of age, prior knee and medical conditions, the severity of the injury and other patient-specific conditions. In case of minor injuries, patients can resort to RICE (Rest, Ice, and Compress, Elevation) procedure followed by pain medications. But the injury must always be diagnosed by the expert knee surgeon or orthopaedic surgeon before indulging in self-care practices.

After a diagnosis, the injury is treated based on its severity. In case the injury is only minor damage to the knee, an orthopaedic surgeon or joint replacement specialist can treat the injury using a simple knee brace that holds the knee in the right position for 4 to 6 weeks. But if the injuries are due to serious ligament tear, ligament surgery is recommended where the ligament is repaired with an internal brace technique or the ligament is reconstructed by an orthopaedic surgeon or joint replacement surgeon in Mumbai. For multi-ligament injuries, the internal brace repair technique is recommended as this procedure quickly helps you stabilise your knee joint and help you begin light exercise within the with-in week of surgery.

Ligament injuries, be it anterior, posteriors or collateral, should be treated effectively based on their severity of the injury. In case you are in Mumbai and are looking for an orthopaedic surgeon in Mumbai, you can contact Dr Niraj Vora Mail here: nlv@drnirajvora.com

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