Cemented vs. Cementless Alternatives in Joint Replacement

Due to arthritis, many may suffer from chronic pain. The joints often become weakened and damaged for age-related problems or calcium or phosphate deficiency. If the condition gets serious, it is called osteoporosis. In such a situation, joint replacement specialist India would use artificial joint prostheses to replace the damaged joint surfaces.

These prostheses need to stick strongly to the original bone of the patient to add strength to the bones. Now, two types of prostheses can be used for this purpose- Cemented vs. Cementless Alternatives in Joint Replacement. These two alternatives have their advantages and disadvantages.

However, before deciding, an orthopedic surgeon in Mumbai would talk to the patient, explain each method, and also let the patient know about the bone condition. Along with the physiological condition of the patient, the examination of the surgeon helps to reach a decision.

Cemented Joint Prosthesis

As the name suggests, this method uses bone cement to fix the bone damage. This bone cement, usually an acrylic polymer, goes between the natural bone and the joint prosthetic compound.

Advantages
  • Porous bones due to osteoporosis can be effectively fixed by the cemented joint prosthesis.
  • The cement dries in around 10 minutes after applying. This makes the process faster and the doctor can examine it immediately to ensure that the bone is fixed.
  • Cemented joint prosthesis gives the opportunity of adding antibiotic elements to the cement that can prevent post-surgical infections.
Disadvantages
  • With time, the cement may break loosening the artificial joint. An orthopedic surgeon in Mumbai may suggest a revision surgery in such a situation.
  • The cement powder may spread the surrounding tissues causing irritation and swelling. Rarely it enters veins reaching the lungs making the situation fatal.

However, such risks can be minimized and solved through joint replacement surgery treatment in Mumbai.

Cementless Joint Prosthesis

This method uses a perforated layer that helps the natural bone to grow with its support. The bone growth can be of only 1-2 mm and thus the doctor would have to shape up the bone to make it strong.

Often, joint replacement specialist India uses screws to keep the prosthetic layer and bones in place until the growth of the new bone initiates. This stabilizes the prosthesis and bones encouraging effective bone development.

Advantages
  • This is considered to be a long-term solution as the bone regrows.
  • The risk of cement loosening or tissue inflammation is not here in this method.
Disadvantages
  • This procedure may not suit all the patients as bone growth is an important factor. It is not for patients with low bone density.
  • It takes a considerable time to initiate bone growth.

Some patients may require both techniques to fix their joint problems. It depends on the bone condition and other health factors while choosing a replacement method.

Dr Niraj Vora, a trusted joint replacement specialist in India, has extensive expertise and experience in the field of orthopedic and can successfully solve any orthopedic difficulties. Therefore, consult Dr. Niraj Vora to receive the best cure for any orthopedic complications.