An innovative procedure that has been developed for total hip replacement (arthroplasty) is the Robotic Surgery for total hip replacement. Mako technology is used in this surgical procedure for hip replacement in patients suffering from inflammatory or on inflammatory degenerative hip joint disease. This is one of the new techniques for hip replacement.
How it works:
With the aid of Mako technology, the surgeon chalks out a pre plan for the surgical process with a 3 D model that is patient specific. The Stryker robotic arm is guided based on the patient specific plan in order to pinpoint the bone that is affected with the disease while leaving the other bones that are still healthy. The 3D virtual model is generated of the unique anatomy of the patient and a CT scan helps to create a preoperative plan with the help of the Mako software. The Mako system also helps the surgeon to adjust the pre plan of the hip replacement surgery while preparing for the implant of the hip joint. This helps the surgeon to remain within the boundary to perform the surgery within the affected area.
The advantage of using the robotic arm for performing total hip replacement is that a consistent precision is obtained during the surgical process and the alignment and placement of the implant components are made accurately. The implant is made at the desired location with impeccable accuracy, providing a stable and excellent biochemical reconstruction and restoration of the leg length that is unprecedented. The robotic procedure helps to provide a real time data during the implant process, which enables the surgeon to make intra operative adjustments for pin point alignment and positioning of the implant. The entire process is a muscle sparing process, where no muscles are exposed. Exact resection of the femoral bone is performed with the help of robotic hip replacement surgery, that has never been possible before.
Post surgery treatment:
It is after the post surgery that a surgeon along with physical therapists will set a goal for the patient to get back to normal movement. The process of convalescing will closely be monitored and if needed, an X Ray may be obtained of the hip replacement for reviewing the progress.
Although fewer surgeons are acquainted with these new techniques for hip replacement,
There are orthopedic surgeons like Dr. Niraj Vora who has adequate expertise in this field.