What is Synovectomy Knee Surgery | Dr Niraj Vora

A Synovectomy is a surgical procedure that is used to treat Synovitis, an inflammatory condition that causes knee joint damage & disability, chronic pain, limits knee function, and eventual destruction of joint. “Yes, a simple inflammation can eventually cause permanent and irreversible damage to the knee when not treated. Synovectomy is a surgical procedure that can help alleviate symptoms & improve joint health.” says top knee surgeon in Mumbai, Dr Niraj Vora.

This blog delves into the details of Synovitis, Synovectomy, and its need & procedure to give you more information about the surgical procedure. Read on

Synovium, Synovitis & Panful and Swollen Joints of Knee:

The most common cause of swollen and painful knee joints is Synovitis, an inflammatory condition of synovium that lines the inner joint capsules.

A thin, specialized tissue called a synovial membrane lines the inner surface of the knee joint capsules. It produces the synovial fluid, a viscous and transparent liquid that fills the joint space. It is a lubricant that reduces friction, provides nutrients and oxygen, removes metabolic waste, and improves overall immunity. The synovium nourishes the knee joint and helps it function at its best, until the membrane begins to inflame.

Synovitis – Causes & Symptoms:

“Inflammatory conditions, trauma or injury, overuse or repetitive stress can lead to inflammation of this thin membrane. In some cases, the membrane grows bulky and produces an enzyme that eats away articular cartilage, leading to arthritis-like symptoms,” says leading knee replacement surgeon & orthopaedic specialist in Mumbai, Dr. Niraj Vora.

Joint pain & swelling, warmth, redness & stiffness, limited range of motion, tenderness, popping sensations, and functional impairment are common symptoms patients suffer from Synovitis.

When is Synovectomy Knee Surgery Performed?

Not every synovitis case needs surgery right away. An orthopaedic specialist first evaluates the severity of joint pain, redness, stiffness, and limited function to understand the condition’s impact. ‘We evaluate imaging studies to gauge the joint damage, perform risk-benefit analysis, take the patient’s current medical health into consideration, and then choose the right treatment option for synovitis,’ says Dr. Niraj Vora, a synovitis specialist surgeon in Mumbai.

Synovectomy – Procedure & Complications:

Synovectomy is performed under anaesthesia using specialized instruments like arthroscopy and other surgical tools. The surgeon makes a small incision through which arthroscopy is inserted for visualization. The synovial membrane is removed entirely or partially based on intended surgical outcomes with specialized instruments. Synovitis is a degenerative and progressive disease; sometimes, even surgery alone may not be able to provide a permanent solution.

While Synovectomy is a safe procedure, in rare cases, patients may experience complications, including infection, bleeding, scarring, joint stiffness, and recurrence. Particularly in autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis, the risk of synovitis recurrence is high. So, an experienced orthopaedic surgeon must craft a comprehensive treatment plan with medications and rehabilitation to provide effective relief from this condition.

Suppose you are in Mumbai and are looking for synovitis treatment in Mumbai. In that case, Dr. Niraj Vora is a specialist orthopaedic surgeon in Mumbai with an excellent track record in treating Synovitis. You can consult him here.